A co-founder of the dada movement and a figurehead for surrealism, US painter, photographer and filmmaker Man Ray (1890-1976) was a visionary who played a notable role in helping to establish photography as a legitimate and powerful artistic medium. Born Michael Emmanuel Radnitzky in 1890 and hailing from Philadelphia, he worked in Paris in the 1920s and 1930s, often alongside
Moholy-Nagy with whom he explored the principles of space and motion. His 'rayographs' — x-ray-like images created using photosensitive materials, exposed without the use of cameras — are considered one of the most extraordinary inventions of the 20th century and cemented the artist's legacy as an eclectic who took photography to new places.
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